Farming Tips

Farming Tips on Livestock:
Nutritional needs of grazing animals during early winter months (May/Jun/July):

During this time the grass stops growing (goes into dormancy); it becomes dry, yellow, and seeds fall off. When that happens, the nutrients are withdrawn from leaves and stems, and stored underground in the root system until the next growing season. The most deficient nutrient during that period is protein as most of it is lost with the seeds. Vitamin A is also lost as the grass becomes dry. Therefore, your early winter livestock supplementation should mainly be protein licks (e.g. Dry veld Concentrate), and inoculation with vitamin A. The inoculation of Vitamin A should be done every 3 months during the dry season as it last only 3 months in the animal’s body.

Note: Always consult your local livestock specialist.

Farming Tips on Agronomy& Horticulture:
Seasonal gardening:

Gardening is not just a one-season practice but should be planned year-round to ensure sustainable food production and income. Different vegetables have different growth requirements, and so do they have different seasonal adaptability. Some are adapted to summer season whereas some are winter season vegetables. There are also those that can grow in both seasons. Below is a list of common vegetables and their suitable planting time;

  1. Spinach (April to August)
  2. Carrot (all season)
  3. Peppers and chillies (September to March)
  4. Onion (February to May)
  5. Sweet potato (August to November)
  6. Tomatoes (August to November)
  7. Cabbage (April to June)
  8. Beetroot (February to April and August to October)
  9. Sweet potato (August to November)

Note: Always consult your local crop specialist.

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How many times in a year do I have to control parasites?

Controlling parasites in any area/farm would depend on the their prevalence and infestation. These will differ between seasons and geographical locations because parasite prevalence and infestation is influence by the prevailing environmental conditions (e.g. hot, cold or wet conditions), and also livestock management practices (e.g. kraal and water hygiene) . It is therefore advisable to be on the lookout for parasite prevalence and infestation during any prevailing environmental condition. Normally, a minimum of two times in year is advisable, before and after the rainfall season for both internal and external parasites. read more

What can I supplement to my livestock during the dry season?

Livestock supplementation during the dry season becomes complex and expensive because the forage materials have lower nutrient content and diminishing in quantity. The most limited nutrient during the early months of winter is Protein, and as the forage materials becomes drier and less in quantity as the season progresses, energy becomes less in the process. Therefore, to avoid animals lose a lot of condition, the most important supplements to provide are; protein and energy supplements. When you are buying winter or dry season lick, ask for protein and energy products in the shop. read more

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